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Upper Body Muscles

Upper Back Muscles

Trapezius

This is a large triangular shaped muscle that runs from the centre of your back up to the neck, running across your shoulder blade. Working the trapezius will help to sculpt the back of your shoulders. As a bonus, strengthening this muscle will also help to ward off back and neck pain - the sort of dull ache you get from sitting at a desk or computer all day.

Rhomboids

These are small muscles in the centre of your back, running up to just below the base of your neck. Working the rhomboids will help to hold your shoulders back and maintain good posture.

Shoulder Muscles

Deltoids

These muscles wrap right around the top of your shoulders. They are split into three areas - the front/anterior deltoid, the side/lateral deltoid, and the rear/posterior deltoid. It is these muscles that give your shoulders their versatility and great range of movement. Toning these will help to give a more defined silhouette; less rounded and sloping and a little more sharp a shape.

Rotator Cuff (Rotators)

Four small muscles beneath your shoulder that help to hold your arm in place. Firming and strengthening here helps to pull in your underarm. Think roll-on deodorant ads, and having a smooth looking armpit when raising your arms and getting down on the dancefloor.

Chest Muscles

Pectorals

These are two large, flat muscles that run across the surface of your chest. These muscles generally come into play when pushing something or hugging someone. The benefit of working the pectorals is somewhat different for men and women. For men, exercising these muscles will increase chest size and definition. For women, these are the muscles underlying and providing support for the bust, so toning them will help to lift the bust.

Arm Muscles

Biceps

The muscles at the front of your upper arm. You use these when you bend your arm or pick things up. These are the ones you flex when showing someone how big (or small) the muscles in your arms are. Toning these will give shape and definition to your upper arm.

Triceps

These are situated at the back of your upper arms. They oppose the biceps, and come into play when you straighten your arm or push something. Toning your triceps will help to get rid of the flabby bit that hangs down when you hold your arm out.

Forearm Muscles

These are the muscles that run from your wrist to your elbow, and there are quite a lot of them lurking under there! Working and building these will not only help that overall toned look on your arms (which is what we're going for) but will also help with/ward off conditions such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other wrist complaints.

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Muscle Diagram

Upper Body Toning Exercises

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